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Pronunciation: RAH-mah-dahn
Hear it! <http://www.alphadictionary.com/sounds/ramadan.mp3>


Part of Speech: Noun proper

Meaning: The ninth month of the Muslim calendar is devoted to
the Fast of [Link 1] RAMADAN. That fast is taking place around
the world today. One night around 610 AD, according to the Muslim
faith, the archangel Gabriel appeared to Mohammed, a caravan
trader, in the vicinity of Mecca, and told him that he had been
chosen to hear the word of God (Allah). Over the following days,
Mohammed began reciting the verses that ultimately became the
Qur'an (Koran).

Notes: [Link 2] [Image 3] Ramadan begins the day after the lunar
crescent and ends with the next new crescent. During the Fast
of Ramadan observant Muslims do not eat or drink during the daylight
hours. Neither smoking nor sexual relations are allowed. The
fast may be broken at the end of the day with prayer and a meal
called the 'iftar' that usually begins with dates. The fast is
resumed the next morning after a predawn meal, the 'suhoor',
which usually is prepared from the leftovers of the iftar the
night before.

In Play: The end of the fast is celebrated as 'Eid ul-Fitr',
the Festival of Fast-Breaking. On 'Eid ul-Fitr' Muslims universally
greet each other by saying, "Eid mubarak" (a blessed Eid). In
2018 Ramadan began Tuesday night at sunset and continues until
sundown June 14. We hope all our Muslim readers around the world
have had a blessed and happy Ramadan.

Word History: 'Ramadan' comes from the Semitic root 'rmd', which
appears in Arabic as 'ramida' and 'ar-ramad', meaning "intense
scorching, heat, and dryness". Semitic roots usually contain
only consonants. Different sets of vowels are inserted between
them to convey the same meanings that suffixes convey in Indo-
European languages. The same root produced ramdaa "sunbaked sand"
and the famous idiom: kal mustajeer minar ramadaa binnar "to
jump out of the frying pan into the fire." Hebrew remetz "embers"
is another member of this Semitic root.

-Dr. Goodword, alphaDictionary

Links and Images:
1: Link < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramadan >
2: Link < http://www.colostate.edu/Orgs/MSA/events/Ramadan.html >
3: Image < http://www.alphadictionary.com/images/ramadan.gif >

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